Tag Archive: pedophily


Sexual abuse and assault awareness and prevention law aimed at children.

  Extract from: http://www.erinmerryn.net/erins-law.html?goback=%2Egde_3978572_member_252283603

What does Erin’s Law do? 
With respect to the renewal of a Standard Teaching Certificate, provides that continuing professional development activities may include participating in or presenting at in-service training programs on sexual abuse and assault awareness and prevention.

 

 

Erin’s Law final Task Force Report

All it took was one night for my innocence to be stolen. From ages 6-8 1/2 and 11-13 two men molested and raped me. One a neighbor the other a family member. I wasn’t telling because nobody had educated me to tell. The only message I was getting was from the men abusing me. These men told me they would come get me, they knew where I lived, no one would believe me, I had no proof, and I would destroy my family if I told our secret. There are children across this world being told the same thing I was told and I have now made it my mission to educate and empower every child with their voice through Erin’s Law. A law I am determined to get passed in all 50 states. Make sure to scroll to the bottom of this page. Lots of information and videos on Erin’s Law.

The mission of  Erin’s law is to get education in all 50 states on the prevention of sexual abuse by empowering children with their voice instead of allowing sex offenders to silence them.

 

Education Program requires age-appropriate sexual abuse and assault awareness and prevention education in grades
 Pre-kindergarten through 12 
Effective immediately.

It should be passed in all 50 states. Common sense.
It’s as simple as that. “
Julianna Margulies

http://www.erinmerryn.net/erins-law.html?goback=%2Egde_3978572_member_252283603

http://www.linkedin.com/groupAnswers?viewQuestionAndAnswers=&discussionID=252283603&gid=3978572&trk=eml-anet_dig-b_nd-pst_ttle-cn&ut=3cEmZTectgZ5M1

C: Sexual abuse and assault awareness and prevention law aimed at children and why not in the UK?

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Sexual abuse and assault awareness and prevention law aimed at children.

  Extract from: http://www.erinmerryn.net/erins-law.html?goback=%2Egde_3978572_member_252283603

What does Erin’s Law do? 
With respect to the renewal of a Standard Teaching Certificate, provides that continuing professional development activities may include participating in or presenting at in-service training programs on sexual abuse and assault awareness and prevention.

 

 

Erin’s Law final Task Force Report

All it took was one night for my innocence to be stolen. From ages 6-8 1/2 and 11-13 two men molested and raped me. One a neighbor the other a family member. I wasn’t telling because nobody had educated me to tell. The only message I was getting was from the men abusing me. These men told me they would come get me, they knew where I lived, no one would believe me, I had no proof, and I would destroy my family if I told our secret. There are children across this world being told the same thing I was told and I have now made it my mission to educate and empower every child with their voice through Erin’s Law. A law I am determined to get passed in all 50 states. Make sure to scroll to the bottom of this page. Lots of information and videos on Erin’s Law.

The mission of  Erin’s law is to get education in all 50 states on the prevention of sexual abuse by empowering children with their voice instead of allowing sex offenders to silence them.

 

Education Program requires age-appropriate sexual abuse and assault awareness and prevention education in grades
 Pre-kindergarten through 12 
Effective immediately.

It should be passed in all 50 states. Common sense.
It’s as simple as that. “
Julianna Margulies

http://www.erinmerryn.net/erins-law.html?goback=%2Egde_3978572_member_252283603

http://www.linkedin.com/groupAnswers?viewQuestionAndAnswers=&discussionID=252283603&gid=3978572&trk=eml-anet_dig-b_nd-pst_ttle-cn&ut=3cEmZTectgZ5M1

C: Sexual abuse and assault awareness and prevention law aimed at children and why not in the UK?

Should be renamed as child for live- enslaved.

Some say it is a blessing to cover-up.

Should have been renamed as child for live- enslaved…[..]

Children, for a live of slavery.

Campaign file.

child sexual exploitation and act of marriage.

Child marriage. All about data and discussion by international sources.

Top of Form

ICRW is leading efforts to find solutions that will eliminate the harmful traditional practice of child marriage.

Learn more »

Child Marriage Around the world: the importance of the question as a widespread fact.

  • If present trends continue, 100 million girls will marry over the next decade. That’s 25,000 girls married every day for the next 10 years.

Figures and Consequences:

 

Poverty and Child Marriage

  • Girls living in poor households are almost twice as likely to marry before 18 than girls in higher income households.
  • More than half of the girls in Bangladesh, Mali, Mozambique and Niger are married before age 18. In these same countries, more than 75 percent of people live on less than $2 a day.

Education and Child Marriage

  • Girls with higher levels of schooling are less likely to marry as children. In Mozambique, some 60 percent of girls with no education are married by 18, compared to 10 percent of girls with secondary schooling and less than one percent of girls with higher education.
  • Educating adolescent girls has been a critical factor in increasing the age of marriage in a number of developing countries, including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan and Thailand.

Health and Child Marriage

  • Girls younger than 15 are five times more likely to die in childbirth than women in their 20s. Pregnancy is the leading cause of death worldwide for women ages 15 to 19.
  • Child brides face a higher risk of contracting HIV because they often marry an older man with more sexual experience. Girls ages 15 – 19 are 2 to 6 times more likely to contract HIV than boys of the same age in sub-Saharan Africa.

Violence and Child Marriage

  • Girls who marry before 18 are more likely to experience domestic violence than their peers who marry later. A study conducted by ICRW in two states in India found that girls who were married before 18 were twice as likely to report being beaten, slapped or threatened by their husbands than girls who married later.
  • Child brides often show signs symptomatic of sexual abuse and post-traumatic stress such as feelings of hopelessness, helplessness and severe depression.

Religion and Child Marriage 

  • No one religious affiliation was associated with child marriage, according to a 2007 ICRW study. Rather, a variety of religions are associated with child marriage in countries throughout the world.

 

 

 

  Country Name % girls married before 18
1 Niger 74.5
2 Chad 71.5
3 Mali 70.6
4 Bangladesh 66.2
5 Guinea 63.1
6 Central African Republic 57
7 Mozambique 55.9
8 Burkina Faso 51.9
9 Nepal 51.4
10 Ethiopia 49.2
11 Malawi 48.9
12 Madagascar 48.2
13 Sierra Leone 47.9
14 Cameroon 47.2
15 Eritrea 47
16 Uganda 46.3
17 India 44.5
18 Nicaragua 43.3
19 Zambia 41.6
20 Tanzania 41.1

ICRW (2010). Analysis of Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. Most recent surveys for all DHS surveyed countries. Rankings are based on data in which women ages 20 – 24 reported being married by age 18.

(United Nations Population Fund, 2011)

 

 

What has been done?

“There will no doubt be discussion about rich countries’ commitments to increase funds and whether governments in the developing world have used resources effectively. Unfortunately little attention will be given to child marriage and its damaging impact on the health of millions of girls and women.

There is, in fact, compelling evidence that child marriage has been a major brake on progress towards no less than six of the eight MDGs. Our hopes of reducing child and maternal mortality, combating HIV/Aids and achieving universal primary education are damaged by the fact that one in seven girls in the developing world – and it is overwhelmingly girls who suffer this fate – are married before they reach 15. So, too, are our ambitions to eliminate extreme poverty and promote gender equality.

The statistics are stark. In poor countries, babies born to mothers under 18 are 60% more likely to die in their first year than those born to older women. Girls under 15 are five times more likely to die during pregnancy and childbirth than women in their 20s. Lack of information, marriage to much older men and the inability to negotiate safe sexual practices also puts child brides at greater risk of HIV infection than their unmarried peers.

Child brides are more likely to drop out of school to concentrate on domestic chores and child rearing. But this bias against educating girls starts even earlier. In societies where girls are normally married off young, there can seem little point in investing in their education.

Poverty is a major driver of child marriage. In many poor countries and communities, marrying off a daughter relieves a family of an extra mouth to feed. A bride price or dowry can also be a much-needed windfall for desperate families.

All this has a damaging inter-generational impact. The children of young and poorly educated girls tend to do less well in school and have lower earnings as adults, perpetuating the cycle of poverty.

Child marriages take place in every continent but they are particularly common in south Asia and parts of sub-Saharan Africa. Child marriage rates reach 65% in Bangladesh and 48% in India – 76% in Niger and 71% in Chad. In the coming decade an estimated 100 million girls will be married before they reach 18.

Education, profession, social issues and Child Marriage

Girls with higher levels of schooling are less likely to marry as children.

early childbearing, with significantly higher maternal mortality and morbidity rates as

well as higher infant mortality rates

negative effects on girls’education.

Girls with low levels of schooling are more likely to be married early, and

child marriage virtually puts an end to a girl’s education

Isolation. A child bride’s lack of education and peers limits her support systems,

and without skills, mobility, and connections, she is constrained in her ability to overcome

poverty for herself, her children, or her family.

One might think, given the powerful evidence of the damage caused to individuals and societies, that the practice of child marriage would be high on both national and global agendas. However, what is striking is the discrepancy between the scale and seriousness of the problem and the attention it has been given.

National and international communities are increasingly recognizing child marriage

as a serious problem, both as a violation of girls’ human rights and as a hindrance

to key development outcomes

To reconcile these two statements one could say that child marriage has become a topic but has not yet being inscribed as being a priority, or did not beneficiate from enough funds. The fact that atrocities lasts even though known and ‘taken in consideration’ by the U.N is not an isolate case.

– Rich countries’ commitments to increase funds?

– Have governments in the developing world used resources effectively?

– Unfortunately little attention will be given to child marriage and its damaging impact on the health of millions of girls and women.

-Child marriage has been a major brake on progress towards no less than six of the eight MDGs.

-reducing child and maternal mortality

-combating HIV/Aids

-achieving universal primary education are damaged by the fact that one in seven girls in the developing world – and it is overwhelmingly girls who suffer this fate – are married before they reach 15. So, too, are our ambitions to eliminate extreme poverty and promote gender equality.

 In poor countries, babies born to mothers under 18 are 60% more likely to die.

We understand, of course, the reluctance to intervene in what is traditionally considered a family matter. We recognize that child marriage is embedded deep in the traditions of many societies and is all too often sanctioned by religious leaders. Change will not be easy.

There is some evidence that, thanks to grassroots campaigns and new economic opportunities for women, child marriage is in decline in some parts of the world. However, at the current rate of progress, it will take hundreds of years to disappear. The challenge is how we can help communities accelerate change.

This is why we are committed to drawing attention to the damage that child marriage is causing and to supporting those working towards ending it. This means a new emphasis on engagement, debate and education – especially at the community level.

We actively seek wider engagement with religious leaders on this issue. No religions we know explicitly promote child marriage. The fact that religious leaders condone and sanction it in many societies owes more to custom and tradition than doctrine. But we cannot allow the distortion of faith or long-standing custom to be used as an excuse to ignore the rights of girls and women, and to hold their communities in poverty.

What we have learned over the years is that social change of this kind cannot be imposed from above. Laws have little impact. The overwhelming majority of countries already outlaw child marriage through domestic legislation or are signatories to international treaties that prohibit it. But this has not fed through to change on the ground. In Zambia, for example, the legal minimum age for marriage is 21, yet 42% of girls are married by the age of 18 and nearly one in 12 by the time they reach 15. Similar contradictions are evident in many countries.

(ICRW, 2011)

 

 

On balance, the results from this composite of evaluations lean toward positive findings,

indicating that a set of strategies focusing on girls’ empowerment, community mobilization,

enhanced schooling, economic incentives and policy changes have improved knowledge,

attitudes, and behavior related to child marriage prevention.

 

 

The consequences of child marriage to the girls who experience it can be devastating

(Jain & Kurz 2007; UNICEF 2001; 2005; Mathur et al 2003). Early marriage leads to

 (Mensch 2005; UNICEF 2005; Save the Children

2004; Bott & Jejeebhoy 2003). Moreover, child marriage has negative effects on girls’

education.  (Mathur et al 2003; Mensch 2005;

Jejeebhoy 1995). Young girls married to older men with more

sexual experience are also at greater risk of HIV infection (Clark 2004), and child brides

are at heightened risk of violence in the home (ICRW 2005; Santhya et al 2010).

 

The lack of education, health, physical safety, and autonomy deprives girls of their

basic human rights, and it also acts as a brake to social and economic development.

National and international indicators on maternal health, education, food security,

poverty eradication, HIV/AIDS, and gender equality are all negatively linked with high

child marriage rates. In fact, child marriage undermines the achievement of each of

the eight Millennium Development Goals and global targets to reduce poverty worldwide

(UNICEF 2006).

Actions. (ICRW)

To empower women, advance gender Equality and fight poverty in the developing world

To examine past efforts and how well they have worked well-documented, and even fewer are well-evaluated and evidence base

Fostering information, skills, and networks for girls in combination with community mobilization.

Child marriage prevention

Signs that large-scale structural efforts aimed at other goals, such as education, health, and poverty reduction, are beginning to make a connection with child marriage prevention.

Communities, families and policymakers

Girls’ enrollment and retention

Life Skills program

These programs are larger scale, school and incentive-based programs that involve national ministries, multilateral agencies like the World Bank, and experts from the health or education sectors.

Delaying marriage

 

Mixed results: deeply entrenched social and cultural practices.

(ICRW, 2011)

 

 

1. DEPTH VERSUS SCALE AND SUSTAINABILITY

However, there is a possibility that the results may be temporary

and simply a response to a heavy dose of the intervention

 

The results suggest that, with some qualifications, this

strategy is working. However, there is a possibility that the results may be temporary

and simply a response to a heavy dose of the intervention. Moreover, the program’s

complexity may limit sophisticated evaluation, and program costs and infrastructural

demands may make scale and sustainability unlikely.

 

In the realm of child marriage prevention, more creative evaluation

approaches may be necessary to effectively understand and appreciate the extent to

which the desirable change has materialized. Researchers, implementers and donors

working in the field will have to decide whether they are wedded to positivist social

science or are willing to explore emerging thinking on “systems change” and “collective

impact,” which may be better suited to the endeavor of child marriage prevention

 

 

it is possible that the evaluation occurred too soon.

Programs have deployed a set of five core strategies to prevent child marriage:

• Empowering girls with information, skills and support networks

• Educating and mobilizing parents and community members

• Enhancing the accessibility and quality of formal schooling for girls

• Offering economic support and incentives for girls and their families

• Fostering an enabling legal and policy framework

 

AGENDA FOR FUTURE ACTION

Find the right balance between depth versus scale and sustainability by relying

on the experience of child marriage prevention experts, and also exploring new

government and private sector platforms and partnerships in the education,

health and economic sectors.

 

 

Associated subjects: related issues of the ICRW:

Case study:

Some people and ‘clerics’ want to challenge the age one might be considerate as being ‘mature enough’ by not taking into account the age of a person attaints physical and biological development (scientifically the brain reaching adult size and functionality at around 21 year of age) and would like to below the age to which one can marry, taking menstruation for being the sign of ‘adulthood’ or even before taking this time any other parameters for suiting their strategies of lowering ‘child protection’.

 The situation as it is, is in fact not preoccupying legally as the legal age for consent is threatened by a minority. Child marriages though will happen extra-legaly without being or reported or condemned.

Yemeni child bride dies of internal bleeding

HUMAN RIGHTS

A 12-year-old Yemeni bride died of internal bleeding following intercourse three days after she was married off to an older man, the United Nations Children’s Fund said.

 

Share this on:

 

April 09, 2010|By Mohammed Jamjoom, CNN

 

 

Malaysian minister rejects child marriage reform

(AFP) – Mar 16, 2010 

KUALA LUMPUR — Malaysia’s religion minister on Tuesday defended Islamic laws that allow girls under 16 to marry, amid a controversy over two youngsters who were married off to middle-aged men.

The issue has flared in Malaysia after reports that two girls aged 10 and 11 were wed in the conservative northern state of Kelantan last month. They have now been removed from their husbands.

Rights groups have called for the reform of Islamic laws that allow marriage under the age of 16 if religious officials give their consent. Sharia law runs in parallel with civil law in multi-ethnic Malaysia.

“There is no need to amend the law,” Jamil Khir Baharom, a cabinet minister in charge of religious affairs, told reporters.

“The law already exists… marrying someone aged 16 and below requires the consent of the court. The court does not simply grant the consent,” he said.

“Maturity is a subjective question. It depends on the development of the person. Maturity is not based on age solely.”

Pressure group Sisters in Islam has called for an end to child marriages, saying the practice was “unacceptable” but continued in Malaysia because of a “belief that Muslim girls can be married off once they reach puberty”.

http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5inxYecjp4rz2Di91pAw_hTlMpTYw

 

 

YEMEN: Islamic lawmaker decries child marriage ban as part of ‘Western agenda’

April 18, 2010

But that may prove a daunting challenge since fierce opposition against a ban on child brides still runs high among some religious leaders and conservatives.

Sheik Mohammed Hamzi, an official of the Islamist Yemeni opposition party Islaah and the imam of the Al-Rahman mosque in the Yemeni capital of Sana, is one of those who staunchly opposes a legal ban on child marriage.

http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/babylonbeyond/2010/04/yemen-fierce-opposition-to-child-marriage-ban-persists-among-conservatives.html

 

what could be seen as a variation:

In parts of rural India into the religious ‘Devadasi-system’

(Devadasi means ‘servant of god’). Girls who through this custom are dedicated to the

goddess Yellema are forbidden to marry. When they reach puberty they are either taken

by a priest or the village chief as a concubine. If and when this relationship ends the

girl/young woman is likely to become a village prostitute or move to city brothels.

Whilst in the letter of the law these practices are now illegal, traditions persist. A similar

tradition exists in Nepal, but the goddess concerned is called Devki. Such

institutionalisation of prostitution has many variants throughout world history and

cultures (see, for example, Cox 1993).

Many people say that the devadasis have the social prestige of being married to a

God, but the Dalit movement sees this so called prestige as a reward for being

Oppressed

(Kelly, 1995)

 

U.S. International Protecting Girls by Preventing Child Marriage Act

Child marriage undermines global development efforts focused on creating more educated, healthier and economically stable populations. ICRW knows that by combating child marriage, we will increase the effectiveness of U.S. foreign assistance dollars – and give millions of girls a better chance to fulfill their potential.

Read More »

 

 

 

Child marriage: our commitment to ending it

Child marriage has been a major brake on progress towards six of the eight millennium development goals, write Jimmy Carter and Fernando Henrique Cardoso

http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/poverty-matters/2010/sep/17/child-marriage

Organization idea.

To connect with organizations tackling child marriage and to fund them while reporting in our website every action and the assessment of this action.

Every organization we help financially will be in return documenting us with what has been done and how. We will ask what the objectives and ethics of the organization are in order to draw wider project and facilitate the elaboration and links of each project, and define the end and toward which means could the problems be solved more structurally as well as comprehensively.

Also we will take into account economical, cultural context, and whilst having as objectives to help every individual, the help provided should not increase gap in the redistribution of opportunities and support as a whole. Example not to spend all the funds on one case (reaching western notion of development standards) but towards the inclusion of all children by stopping having economical incentives (or other gratification) or need to enter ‘marriage’.

To satisfy legitimate concern about accountability and transparency we will make public the details of all funding and projects.

In addition, the organizations we help are transparent and publish a detailed view of their spending, policies, understanding, ethics, aims and actions.

We will follow every, individual, school, community’s, policies efforts and report them to our members (emailing them) and non-members (accessible on the website), thorough the duration of the programs and beyond if possible.

In order to ‘network’ we will strive establishing links with similar, horizontal or vertical organizations. We will also work with other professionals (journalists, academics, politicians) to elaborate a wider view and foster more accurate knowledge and possibility for intervention as well as incoming search, data, and problem solving and resolution currently in place.

Ngo strategies.

Staff expertise available: As a start-up, I am a part-time staff and I welcome and seek volunteer staff (advertising my organization to students and others) in exchange of me training them and giving them responsibility.

 

Fund raising, partnership and visibility.

           Sponsors could be Local businessperson or companies, individuals, via internet.

–       I am ready work with the donors on specific case while respecting confidentiality. My objectives are to answer in the most opened manner questions and concerns.

–       To give every piece of information on about how much time and money have been spent while to make things happen while trying a low-cost approach for salaries and the way project are conducted.  With the aim to be inclusive, that is to try and help and schools helping a whole village rather than project only able to address isolated cases.

–       To target specific, delimited areas or communities: principles of helping projects already in place with money, networking, representation, lobbying, create a forum where issues can be expressed by the communities, any kind of help.

–       Get third party organizations to write about the program and projects.

–       relations with the media,

–       spokespersons among the staff members.

http://www.gdrc.org/ngo/accountability/index.html

Accountability given back to the donors in expressing what the situations are and where the money goes.

Keep the record (money spending, full detail of action taken and communicating them specifically to donors in keeping confidentiality issues). Providing proof and series of actions, plan towards a specific target and aim.

-Try to seek in-kind contributions from experts, especially from a corporation or company.

-Seek advice, work-time, equipment use etc

 Bring together a coalition of partners – of other NGOS, universities, research institutions, etc. who contribute different expertise and knowledge, and larger target areas and beneficiary communities

A number of strategies can be seen being used by NGOs to build their credibility:

  • Use of academics and experts to evaluate NGO projects and activities
  • Associating with national or regional associations, alliances, or forums
  • Obtaining UN accreditation
  • Finding credible spokespeople
  • Speaking and publishing regularly
  • Seeking awards and prizes as recognition for work done
  • Partnering with key community, governmental and industry entities
  • Writing case studies that tell compelling stories from people and communities they serve
  • Getting some good press stories
  • To lectures at events, in schools.

 

  • Understanding an NGO’s strengths and larger connections, communicate the strengths and connections consistently
  • Keeping a significant presence online – both web and email
  • Generating a good image through newsletters, bulletins, press releases etc.

http://www.gdrc.org/ngo/accountability/index.html

 

Example of programmes and projects:

Promising Approaches: Population Reference Bureau data.

  • In rural Ethiopia, a project targeting young women provided mentoring from adult women in the community, economic incentives to remain in school, and improved access to reproductive health information and services. Early marriage among participants dropped significantly.
  • Senegal’s Tostan community empowerment project reduced early marriage through sessions on human rights, democracy, and health that included education on the right to free consent to marriage and the health problems that child marriage and early childbearing can cause.
  • In Bangladesh, scholarships for secondary school proved to greatly influence parents’ decisions to keep their daughters in school. The scholarships increased girls’ enrollment and attendance significantly.
  • A project in Nepal focused on providing income-generating skills to young girls to help support themselves financially, stay in school, and avoid early marriage.

Population Reference Bureau.

 

The UN and universalisation of the implementation of rights.

 

On a particular note in lobbying the U.N regarding child marriage, the age of consent is 16 while the adult age is 18. Of course this legalization might be necessary as for legalizing sex.

However to consider the age of the partner has to be taken into account which is not the case in every country. Being put under financial or mental pressure by parents, families and communities should put the governments into an obligation to permit the child, after having been protected effectively legally until their majority, to become an economically independent person in order not to have to yield under a situation where their choice -and understanding– has been significantly or totally reduced.

I also think that in what concerned ‘adulthood’ it has been scientifically proven that physical maturity and when the brain is “entirely formed” is in fact reach more around the age of 21 year-old.

Also younger age increase vulnerability as maturity will ‘condemn’ someone whose live has begun being forced into a circle of violation and exploitation. Also in term of philosophy and policy the victims of sexual exploitation should be protected from their violators and from perpetrating the same actions and conditions, whatever their ages are cf: forced marriage in general, sexual exploitation of adults or prostitution.

.

Legal  requirement is not the main problem as the The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In 1989, world leaders decided that children needed a special convention just for them because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that the world recognized that children have human rights too.

http://www.unicef.org/crc/

“The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most ratified human rights treaty in human history,” said UNICEF Executive Director Ann M. Veneman.  “It has transformed the way children are viewed and treated throughout the world.”

The Convention has 193 ratifications, http://www.unicef.org/india/media_5874.htm It noted that only the USA besides Somalia (which still has no functioning government) only the USA besides Somalia (which still has no functioning government) (Kelly, 1995)

difference between legal ages of consent of 14 and 16 will have a significant impact on

how extensive we estimate this problem to be, and on responses to it. Moreover, few

legal systems define these offenses using the UN, and Council of Europe, definitions of

childhood as up to 18, and young people as 18-21. It is extremely unlikely that

Here the idea of my presentation.

Facts, figures, consequences of child marriage.

The fact that people seem to care, write about it, but a question arises when records of child marriage prove that the phenomenon in fact concerns million of teenagers and does not appear to recede in any significant way.

Rational for letting that happen:

 

Religious: Marriage, social registration and religious rituals.

 

Rational, maturity subjective are ‘reason’ used by people wanting this type of ‘sexual exploitation’ to go on. They will say that a child might be mature enough to marry an adult.

In every country this more than a scourge might happen, and happen in a gross scale under Christianity or Hindu religion influence. However one could have a particular concern about Islamic interpretation of the Hadith:

Religious people will preach that Mohamed had four wives in order not to consummate their marriage (even so children had been registered) but to simply give to women the legal protection they needed. At the time being a widow or unmarried could equal to being doomed to ‘abject poverty’. Also the polygamous “status” of mahammad, officialising other marriage would be trumped by saying that these marriage were not consummated. But economical household only, within which what liberty were octroied is some details I haven’t studied.

Also these material are very difficult to handle as a non Arabic speaker, non theologian, non historian…thus whatever might be found would be subject to interminable theorization and interpretation. Also my aim here is not to advocate a way of interpretation and thence not judging the texts of Islamic believes but doing so to the way they are discussed by ‘believers’ and worshippers and take as a justification for present actions and edits.

Mohammed in in most sources said to have ‘legally married’ four women. The last of which was a 6 year old called Aisha, with whom Mohammed had sexual intercourse when she was a 9 year old and him an over 50 year old character.

In many places, of course, that story is taken to justify actual and today’s institutionalized pedophilia (see case study) (Silas, 2011).

Sociologic:

Should one care about rational? Cultural relativism is used to give many reasons about child marriage customs, and defend the fact that nothing is done or should be done ‘in a quiet manner’ as it is society practices’. Cultural relativism is a viewpoint adopted by many in sociology.

Cultural relativism is a widely held position in the modern world. Words like “pluralism,” “tolerance,” and “acceptance” have taken on new meanings, as the boundaries of “culture” have expanded. The loose way in which modern society defines these ideas has made it possible for almost anything to be justified on the grounds of “relativism.” The umbrella of “relativism” includes a fairly wide range of ideas, all of which introduce instability and uncertainty into areas that were previously considered settled.

However, the problem with moving from cultural perspective to cultural relativism is the erosion of reason that it causes. Rather than simply saying, “we need to understand the morals of other cultures,” it says, “we cannot judge the morals of other cultures,” regardless of the reasons for their actions.

http://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/cultural-relativism.htm

I will argue that some people demonstrate how Western thinking is biased in saying that it is only about “what we think”, that culture is a matter of opinion. I would answer that it is not about no one thinks but what about facts. It is not about taking into consideration how I feel, or how the average people, anyone feel but to concentrate on what the girls endure.

Also on a larger reciprocity, if they want to know what people think and feel well it would be just fair enough that they go under, through the torture that they let happen in the name of ‘relativisation’, ‘tolerance’ or ‘diplomacy’.

Similarly, to take a different analogy, if you permit sexual mutilation, then to understand how it is injustice, would it be useful to think yourself without sex, clitoris or penis?

Even, in breach of such bodily integrity (whatever body mutilation or sexual slavery) retributive justice would make sense happening. Ex: if one is threatening a child and that there is no possibility to stop you but imprisonment then should prevail such punishment. 

And to be honest is when sharia law might be met with empathy.

Aims of my presentation:

Why cultural relativism about other places?

Taboo inside one’s own?

Is it the product of poverty alone or mentalities?

Would the western world justify not intervening and preventing invoking ‘cultural relativism’?

In this presentation, are listed a number of articles in which girls are often viewed through their health, productivity, diplomas, live skills, social achievements…

One question certainly less reviewed by officials is the links between child marriage, and slavery, domestic abuses and torture. Or the fact that children has to be protected not because of the measurable results on criteria and evaluation but because to ‘marry’ a child to an adult (constant biologic) is an act of torture, total control upon personal development, “to own another life, and perpetual violation.

UNPF (2011)

LAC: Latin America and the Caribbean:

Widespread in the west?

Even less so mentioned the taboo on pedophilia.

If I am mentioning taboo here is because pedophilia though concerning the more vulnerable population, the children, often by their own carers or familiars, (parents, family, siblings…) will be happening concealed by ‘privacy’.

I would argue that pedophilia is a very widespread phenomemon in ‘first world countries’ but is so the object of ‘tabooisation’ that for example schools, or civil society did not elaborate projects to talk openly and regularly about these subjects, leaving ‘sexual education’ and what is sexual behavior or sexual predation up to the family to set up or to ignore…that is to say not made public and leaving certain children in total ignorance or impotence about a danger that target them especially and solely. 

 

  • The National Resource Council estimates the percent of the U.S. population which has been sexually abused to range from a low of 20-24 percent to a high of 54-62 percent of the population; the higher estimate includes sexualized exposure without touching, such as masturbating in front of the child.1 The largest retrospective study on the prevalence of child sexual abuse found 27 percent of women and 16 percent of men reported abuse.4

http://www.advocatesforyouth.org/index.php

Similar data on sexual and physical abuses and violence had notoriously been reported in countries (yet giving the green light to such enquiries) such as France.

 

 

video

The Bride Price: Consequences of Child Marriage Worldwide
   12 Mar 2008 The Bride Price: Consequences of Child Marriage Worldwide is a video containing moving images by Stephanie Sinclair – recipient of the 2007

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UamNBfI5P8o http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UamNBfI5P8o
     

Bibliography:

I intentionally don’t reveal many other sources for they advocate in the same time of referring to the haddith, the life of their prophet, the fact that to permit and perpetuate such monstrosities is ok, docky.

Look at this one who of course, praise muhmuh for his felicity.

Not say to this scholar piss upon you, torture is not the answer, but any means to stop this fucking pedo is if slowness in the procedure, prison?. What would you do with his children now?

I mean we don’t need to set up any how or anyone. If this is the law, satan may inspire us to suicide before this d perjure.

-Advocates for Youth. 2008.

[internet] http://www.advocatesforyouth.org/index.php. [last access 21-12-11]

-Human rights democracy website.

[internet] http://middleeast.about.com/od/humanrightsdemocracy/a/child-brides.htm  [last access 21-12-11]

 

Humanist and Ethical Union: The world union of Humanist organizations.

[internet]  http://www.iheu.org/child-marriage-a-violation-of-human-rights [last access 21-12-11]

-International Center for Research on Women (ICRW)

[internet] http://www.icrw.org/child-marriage-facts-and-figures  [last access 21-12-11]

-Jamjoom, M. Yemeni child bride dies of internal bleeding. CNN, Share this on:

 

April 09, 2010

[internet] http://articles.cnn.com/2010-04-09/world/yemen.child.bride.death_1_yemeni-marriage-child-brides?_s=PM:WORLD  [last access 21-12-11]

-Kelly. L, R, Wingfield, S, Burton and L, Regan. (1995) Splintered Lives: Sexual exploitation of children in the context of children’s rights and child protection. Child and Woman Abuse Studies Unit:

University of North London. [internet] http://www.cwasu.org/publication_display.asp?type=1&pageid=PAPERS&pagekey=44&itemkey=45 [last access 21-01-12]

 

-MuslimHope website: A’isha: Mohammed’s Nine-Year Old Wife

[internet] http://www.muslimhope.com/AishaNine.htm [last access 21-12-11]

-Population Reference Bureau. [internet]  http://www.gdrc.org/ngo/ [last access 21-01-12]

-Philosophy: all about. Cultural relativism.

[internet] http://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/cultural-relativism.htm [last access 21-12-11]

Sandels , A. YEMEN: Islamic lawmaker decries child marriage ban as part of ‘Western agenda’ Latimes,

April 18, 2010.

[internet] http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/babylonbeyond/2010/04/yemen-fierce-opposition-to-child-marriage-ban-persists-among-conservatives.html  [last access 21-12-11]

Silas. MUHAMMAD, AISHA, ISLAM, AND CHILD BRIDES

 [internet] http://www.answering-islam.org/Silas/childbrides.htm [last access 21-12-11]

-UNICEF. United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund

[internet]  http://www.unicef.org/protection/files/Child_Marriage.pdf [last access 21-12-11]

-United Nations Population Fund.

http://www.unfpa.org/swp/2005/presskit/factsheets/facts_child_marriage.htm

Children Children

Chill, lich, leash, reins. Deal, lead, ish. Ich. I’ll. Ek il den drain.

       

SOCIAL

 

on social pedophily and the ‘you’ and us using slave children for the making of our clothes and the rest for coercion and the corruption of doing nothing.

the whence necessity of speaking ‘positive’ as since doing ‘negative’ . education and corruption.

 

 

The sexual arousal model emerged from research, predominantly controlled

experiments, on the immediate effects of viewing pornography. The studies reached the

unsurprising conclusion that sexual arousal was a common outcome, although the sex

of the viewer and the subject in the pornography were significant variables (Donnerstein et

al, 1987; Knudsen, 1988). More recent research has demonstrated that the form of

depictions have an effect on how arousing the pornography is – for example men are

more aroused by representations of coerced sex which suggest that the woman is enjoying it – and that a significant minority of men are aroused by sexualised images of

children (see Weaver, in Itzin 1993). Whilst the fact that pornography is sexually

arousing is not disputed, profound disagreement continues as to the meaning and

consequences of this fact. The positions range between arousal having direct that sexual access to children and young people is used as a power resource between

men; to promote economic, political and social interests which either they already share

in common, or which may be a direct outcome of the provision of children/young

people to abuse. Some forms of sexual exploitation of children, therefore, involve the

sexual use of children as a medium of exchange between adults. The children and

young people involved mayor may not be aware of the multiple uses to which they are

being put. If prostitution is defined purely in terms of economic gain then many of these

contexts in which sexual access to children and young people is used as a medium of

exchange between adults will be excluded.

in relation to ‘paedophiles’- such as life licences, and denial of any contact with children – which would seldom be proposed in the case of

fathers.

 

 

In the case of pornography and prostitution, it is feminist perspectives which have

focused on exploitation and harm. The competing frameworks have predominantly

drawn on the concepts of arousal, imitation, catharsis and fantasy.

Sexual Arousal

The sexual arousal model emerged from research, predominantly controlled

experiments, on the immediate effects of viewing pornography. The studies reached the

unsurprising conclusion that sexual arousal was a common outcome, although the sex

of the viewer and the subject in the pornography were significant variables (Donnerstein et

al, 1987; Knudsen, 1988). More recent research has demonstrated that the form of

depictions have an effect on how arousing the pornography is – for example men are

more aroused by representations of coerced sex which suggest that the woman is

 

enjoying it – and that a significant minority of men are aroused by sexualised images of

children (see Weaver, in Itzin 1993). Whilst the fact that pornography is sexually

arousing is not disputed, profound disagreement continues as to the meaning and

consequences of this fact.

-Kelly. L, R, Wingfield, S, Burton and L, Regan. (1995 ) Splintered Lives: Sexual exploitation of children in the context of children’s rights and child protection. Child and Woman Abuse Studies Unit:

University of North London

[internet] http://www.cwasu.org/publication_display.asp?type=1&pageid=PAPERS&pagekey=44&itemkey=45 [last access 21-01-12]